Our mission is to champion dignity and compassion for those harmed by crime and crisis.
We advocate for victims by connecting them with services and resources.
We provide skill-based training to victim advocates and crisis responders.
We ensure the highest standards and professional core competencies are met and maintained by those working directly with crime victims through credentialing programs.
We promote public policy initiatives that protect the rights of crime victims and serve as the national voice for victims.
We care about and respond to the plight of people and one another.
Excellence in our work and justice in our cause means we honor our commitments.
Teamwork and partnerships are crucial to the work we do.
We are driven by the hope that the work we do change lives.
Claire Ponder SelibExecutive Director
Claire Ponder Selib has over 25 years’ experience providing direct advocacy services to victims of crime and managing victim assistance programs for civilian and military agencies. In April 2020, Claire was appointed by the NOVA Board of Directors to serve as NOVA’s new Executive Director. In this role, Claire leads the strategic vision for the organization; serves as the agency’s primary spokesperson; and manages all operations and staff. Since 2013, Claire has served on the NOVA staff in the following roles: Deputy Director; Director of Education; and Director of the DoD Sexual Assault Advocate Certification Program (D-SAACP). Prior to joining NOVA, Claire served for over five years as the Project Manager for the Army’s Victim Advocacy and Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Contract; managing a staff of 164 Victim Advocates at 56 Army installations around the world. Claire has extensive experience developing policies, anti-violence campaigns, training curricula and facilitating national trainings for military and civilian audiences. She has managed state and national anti-violence programs at the Maryland Network Against Domestic Violence (MNADV) and the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS). Additionally, Claire provided on-call advocacy, individual counseling, and psychoeducational groups to survivors of sexual assault/abuse and domestic violence while working at Prince George’s Hospital Center, Children’s National Medical Center and Women Empowered Against Violence. Claire holds a BA in English from Columbia University and a Master’s in Social Work (MSW) from the University of Pennsylvania.
Deborah AdamsSenior Director of Finance and Operational Services
Deborah began her victim advocacy career at a local rape crisis program and soon after came to NOVA to work at the national level with the desire to advance the cause of fair treatment and comprehensive services for victims of crime. NOVA’s mission was and is a good fit – 30+ years later. Deborah has served in many capacities for NOVA that include grant management, event planning, crisis response, and project coordination.
In recent years, she serves as NOVA financial officer, developing and overseeing NOVA’s budget, managing the day-to-day financial operations, monitoring internal controls, and assisting in strategic planning. Deborah is a Credentialed Advocate with Advanced Standing with the National Advocate Credentialing Program (NACP) and also serves as a Court Appointed Special Advocate (CASA). These days, Deborah boasts about her adorable new grandchild and has no shame admitting that her lovable two cats have nearly as many pictures on her phone.
Lindsy GundrumSenior Director of Credentialing and Conference Planning
Lindsy Gundrum is the Senior Director of Credentialing and Conference Planning. Since 2016, she has worked closely with DoD’s Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office (SAPRO), the Military Services, and the D-SAACP Review committee to successfully direct efforts to credential military sexual assault victim advocates through this congressionally-mandated program, and ensures appropriate continuing education efforts are implemented. Lindsy also serves as the program manager to ensure the contract deliverables are met.
Prior to working at NOVA, Lindsy worked on the DoD Safe Helpline serving the DoD community affected by sexual assault worldwide at the Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network (RAINN). Lindsy also worked with Service members and Veterans at the Military Officers Association of America (MOAA) corresponding directly with members on legislative issues. Lindsy has a broad background serving at-risk populations including the elderly, juveniles who have been adjudicated, people with mental illness, and sexual assault survivors.
Lindsy holds a Bachelor’s degree in social work from George Mason University.
Outside of NOVA, Lindsy spends time with her wife and 2 pups snuggling on the couch.
Roger RobertsDirector of Crisis Response Services
Roger Roberts, Director of Crisis Response Services and Training, is the primary trainer for the NOVA Crisis Response Team Training®. He also administers the National Credentialed Crisis Responder Program and coordinates NOVA’s National Response to Crisis.
Roger is a graduate of the Wright State University where he received his Bachelor of Arts in Social Work. Roger served as the emergency preparedness coordinator for the London City-Madison County Health District for 6 years before becoming the Director of Emergency Management for Madison County.
August MannCredentialing Coordinator DSAACP
August Mann is the DSAACP Coordinator for NOVA. She ensures receipt, analysis and processing of D-SAACP applications with a turnaround goal of 120 days for certification dissemination and in preparation for quarterly review by the D-SAACP Certification Review Committee. She also, assist as needed, in scheduling, organizing and facilitating the quarterly meetings of the D-SAACP Certification Review Committee, documentation of decisions & justifications.
In her past employment August is a Civilian Retiree from Department of Defense (DoD) at the Human Resource Center with 30 years of service working in the areas of Physical Disability, Wounded Warrior Soldiers, Exception Family Member Program, Remission of Cancellation of Indebtedness and ending in the position of Enlisted Background Screening (EBSS) for all Army members attempting to acquire a background clearance to operate in a sensitive duty position. Sensitive duty position as a Recruiter, Drill Sergeant, Equal Opportunity Advisor, Enlisted Aide to the General, Command Sergeant Major and Soldier of the Year.
August has an Associate Degree in Human Resource from the University of Maryland University College (UMUC). She also holds a certificate of achievement with NOVA for Basic and Advance Crisis Response Team Training.
In her spare time August like to relax with friends and family and shop.
Mariel Branagan JewellTraining Manager
Mariel Branagan Jewell is the Training Manager for NOVA. She currently assists in the coordination and delivery of NOVA’s victim assistance trainings and academies. She was previously the Deputy Program Manager of the D-SAACP Program where she helped direct efforts to credential over 12,000 military sexual assault victim advocates per year through this congressionally-mandated program.
Prior to coming to NOVA, Mariel was the programs manager for a reentry program for women with nonviolent offenses. It was there she learned that most of the women in the program had histories of trauma and had been victims of crime themselves.
Mariel received her Bachelor’s in Psychology and Criminal Justice from Old Dominion University (Go Monarchs!) and her Master’s degree in Forensic and Legal Psychology from Marymount University.
Outside of work, she loves cooking and traveling.
Sharon McCownMembership and Administrative Coordinator
Sharon is responsible for the professional and efficient operation of the NOVA Main office and performs essential administrative functions for the office. As the Administrative Coordinator she also provides administrate support to NOVA programs, such as D-SAACP, NACP, NOVA’s Annual Training Event, and NVAA.
Danielle KitchenNACP Manager
Danielle Kitchen began her career in direct services nearly ten years ago as an intern working with the Prosecuting Attorney’s Office in Monongalia County, West Virginia. As she continued with her social work degree, Danielle continued working for the Monongalia County Prosecuting Attorney’s Office as the Assistant Program Coordinator for their Victim Assistance Program, specializing in Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault cases. She was promoted to the position of Program Coordinator and began serving on the County’s Sexual Assault Response Task force, while continuing to provide direct services within the court system as well as 24/7 hospital accompaniment for victims and survivors as needed. Danielle also began her work with the County’s Child Advocacy MIDT, working alongside with prosecution and forensic interviewers to ensure victims voices were heard within the criminal justice system.
Carolyn EskinD-SAACP Outreach Coordinator
Carolyn Eskin works on the Department of Defense’s Sexual Assault Advocate Certification Program (D-SAACP) as the Credentialing Specialist. She works with the D-SAACP Team to ensure applications are received and processed efficiently for quarterly review by the D-SAACP Certification Review Committee, in order to successfully credential military sexual assault advocates through this congressionally-mandated program. Since coming to NOVA in 2019, Carolyn has successfully completed Crisis Response Training.
Prior to working at NOVA, Carolyn worked at the International Association of Chiefs of Police as a Project Assistant on the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program, credentialing Drug Recognition Experts (DREs) internationally and maintaining the DRE database. She provided conference planning and registration support for the IACP’s Drugs, Alcohol and Impaired Driving Conference.
Carolyn received her B.A. in Sociology with a concentration in Criminology and a Psychology minor from Millersville University, and her M.A. in Forensic Psychology from the George Washington University.
Callie StewartDirector or Strategic Engagement and Partnerships
Callie Stewart is the Director of Strategic Engagement and Partnerships at NOVA. The last 5 years of her professional career have been dedicated to improving trauma-informed responses across professional fields and strengthening vulnerable communities through the use of quality educational content, partnership collaboration and effective outreach. Prior to her current position, Callie was the Marketing Manager at NOVA, where she handled all communications, developed membership programming and created engagement initiatives.
Callie is a Licensed Master Social Worker, with a clinical background providing trauma-informed therapy to children and families. Today, she uses this experience and her expertise in adult education to consult, develop and deliver professional, evidence-based training curricula to a diverse audience of victim assistance providers. She has provided training at national conferences and served as subject matter expert faculty. In addition, she has experience working with partners and stakeholders to provide consultation on managing psychosocial support for special-interest groups.
Callie is trained in human subject research and protection, Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, psycho-education, victim advocacy, and Suicide Risk Assessment and Safety Planning. She received her Masters of Science in Social Work from the Columbia School of Social Work and her B.A. in Sociocultural Anthropology from the University of Michigan – Ann Arbor.
Angela DuhonMilitary Victim Services Program Manager
Angela Duhon has been providing direct services to survivors of domestic and dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking for over 10 years, with extensive knowledge relating to victim rights, strangulation and LGBTQ+ Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). Prior to joining NOVA in 2020, Angela was employed by a local LGBTQ+ agency in Virginia where she provided crisis counseling, and she was the agency’s subject matter expert on LGBTQ+ IPV. Angela worked to enhance victim services to better meet the needs of LGBTQ+ survivors. Angela served for over 7 years as a military domestic violence and sexual assault victim advocate at several military installations. Additionally, Angela has provided 24/7 on-call advocacy, crisis intervention, extensive safety planning, facilitated psychoeducational groups to survivors of domestic and dating violence and/or sexual assault, as well as facilitated presentations, trainings, and briefings to both military and civilian audiences throughout her career.
Angela is a nationally credentialed advocate at the advanced level, has successfully completed the Crisis Response Training, and has completed the advanced level training through The Training Institute on Strangulation.
Angela hold a Master’s degree in Criminal Justice with a Forensic Psychology concentration from Saint Leo University.
Kellie PortmanCrisis Response Training Coordinator
Kellie Portman is NOVA’s Crisis Response Training Coordinator. Previously, she was a Core Energy Life Coach and has over 20 years of experience working within the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. Kellie earned her Bachelor of Science in Human Services Leadership from Urbana University. In addition to her education, Kellie’s extensive training and knowledge has allowed her to coach and train hundreds of youth & families, school personnel and other professionals. Kellie is a certified NOVA Crisis Response Team® training instructor, a member of a local CRT response team and has been actively involved in local responses.
Shannon CollinsDirector of NOVA’s Campus Training & Technical Assistance Program
Shannon Collins (she/hers) is an autistic advocate living in Denver, CO who strives to cultivate collective leadership, survivor empowerment, and peer support in her work. Shannon currently serves as the Director of the Campus Training & Technical Assistance Program at the National Organization for Victim Assistance (NOVA). Shannon is a licensed clinical social worker who has spent over 20 years working to end domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking (DVSAS) through advocacy, response, prevention, and education primarily in college and university settings. Shannon specializes in the formation of trauma-informed victim advocacy programs within institutions of higher education and the development and maintenance of campus-based Coordinated Community Response Teams (CCRTs) to foster collective leadership for institutional change. At NOVA, she provides leadership for the National Campus Advocacy Training (NCAT) and the NOVA campus training & technical assistance program funded through the U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women Campus Program. Shannon serves as adjunct faculty for several Colorado universities and teaches workshops and academic courses on the ethics of campus advocacy, evidence-based practice, trauma-informed leadership, and gender-based violence over the lifespan. Shannon is grateful to serve her community as a member of the Board of Directors for the Colorado Coalition Against Sexual Assault (CCASA). Shannon holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Anthropology, a Master of Social Work degree, and a Women’s Studies Certificate of Graduate Study from the University of South Carolina, as well as an Executive Certificate of Nonprofit Management from the Georgetown University Public Policy Institute. When Shannon is not working to promote justice and healing for survivors and communities, she can be found immersed in a crochet project or exploring the natural Colorado landscape with her family.
María Cristina PachecoAssociate Director of NOVA’s Campus Training & Technical Assistance Program
María Cristina Pacheco Alcalá (she/hers/ella/ellas) is the Assistant Director of NOVA’s Campus Training & Technical Assistance Program. María Cristina has over 18 years of experience working to end gender-based violence through prevention and education efforts in the non-profit sector and higher education settings. María Cristina specializes in curriculum development and training related to strengthening communities’ responses to address gender-based violence in collaborative, trauma informed, and culturally responsive approaches; she also has vast experience in grants management, including grant writing, reporting, strategic planning and budgeting.
At NOVA, she supports the training & technical assistance program for campus coordinated community response funded through the U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women Campus Program. In this role, she provides training, technical assistance, and coaching to institutions of higher education seeking to create a trauma-informed, culturally relevant, accessible, inclusive, and sustainable programs to address dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault and stalking on campus.
María Cristina serves as adjunct faculty and is the founder and director of the Gender Equity Program at the University of Puerto Rico at Carolina. She has also served as board member for Proyecto Matria, Taller Salud and Coordinadora Paz para las Mujeres – Puerto Rico Dual Coalition on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault. She holds a Master’s degree in Counselling Psychology and a Certificate on Grants Management Body of Knowledge Training from the National Grants Management Association. As a self entrepreneur she’s the owner of Cucina 135, a culinary laboratory to support and foster business start up and economic development around the food business industry in Puerto Rico.
Angela WillmoreD-SAACP Credentialing Specialist
Angela Willmore, Credentialing Specialist for the D-SAACP Program, works with the
D-SAACP team to ensure the efficient processing of applications in order to successfully credential over 12,000 military sexual assault advocates per year through this congressionally-mandated program.
Prior to joining NOVA, Angela worked for more than 15 years in child welfare, specializing in international adoption. She facilitated the placement of children from a number of countries, including South Korea, China, Russia, and Guatemala. Angela guided families through each stage of the adoption process, from initial application through pre-adoption education & training, home study, dossier preparation, referral, travel, post-placement, and finalization.
Angela has also volunteered with victims of sexual assault and domestic violence, both at a shelter and through a program for incarcerated women who were survivors of domestic violence.
Angela holds a BS in Public Relations from Kent State University and a Master’s in Social Work (MSW) from the University of South Carolina.
Ané VecchioneMarketing Manager
Ané Vecchione is NOVA’s Marketing Manager.
Before joining NOVA, Ané worked as a Los Angeles-based Producer, Cinematographer, and Director. She has a visual design and fine arts background and has worked in television and documentary filmmaking for over 20 years. Some of her clients include the National Football League NFL, SONOS, AT&T, DIRECTV, YouTube, Bulletproof, MANTL, and AMEX. Her award-winning directorial and cinematic work has been screened at the Sundance Film Festival, International Documentary Film Festival (IDFA), San Diego Latino Film Festival, and the Long Beach Film Festival.
She has served as a volunteer crisis responder on the Los Angeles Mayor’s Crisis Response Team since 2015, providing emotional first aid and immediate on-scene crisis intervention to survivors at the request of the Los Angeles Police Department and the Los Angeles Fire Department. She is also a NACP Credentialed Victim Advocate and a member of NOVA’s Crisis Response Team.
Ané received her Masters of Fine Arts Degree in Design and Technology, an Associate of Applied Science Degree in Graphic Design from Parsons School of Design in New York, and a Bachelor of Fine Arts in Art Education (Pre-k with special needs through 12th Grade) from Boston University. She is certified as an Intuitive Healing Practitioner through The Den Meditation in Los Angeles.
Morgan ParrottaNOVA Intern
Morgan Parrotta (she/hers) is completing her MSW internship at NOVA. She holds a BS in Social Work from Central Connecticut State University. She is completing her MSW at the University of Denver in the advanced standing track. Prior to interning at NOVA, Morgan volunteered with at-risk youth, and the elderly.
Nicole LabazzettaNOVA Intern
Nicole is in her final year at the University of Denver Graduate School of Social Work Program. She has experience working with and advocating for vulnerable populations such as veterans, at-risk youth, elderly patients, and offenders with psychosocial disorders. When she is not working or studying, she enjoys spending time with her two dogs and many chickens. She is incredibly excited to join the NOVA team and looks forward to broadening her education with NOVA.
Board of Directors
NOVA’s Board of Directors is comprised of up to fifteen elected members committed to its mission.
- Jeannette Adkins, MEd, LPC, CA, Board President
Retired – Executive Director, Michael’s House Child Advocacy Center/Greene Co. Prosecutor’s Office, Ohio
- Steve Derene, Board Vice President
Executive Director (retired), National Association of VOCA Assistance Administrators, Wisconsin
- Dr. Mamie M. Futrell, LCSW, DSW, LISW-CP, Board Treasurer
Resilience Program Manager, USAF, Delaware
- Angela Seguin, Board Secretary
Assistant Director for Victim Advocacy, University of Delaware, Delaware
REMAINING ELECTED BOARD
- Laura Abbott (1st Term expires 2024),
Founder, Victims’ Rights Arkansas, Arkansas
- Orvie B. Baker, Jr. (1st Term expires 2023),
President, The Einmalig Group, LLC
- Eric Barreras (1st Term expires 2024),
CEO/Founder, Difference Makers (10 Strong), California
- John W. Gillis, (1st term expires 2022),
Gillis Consulting Group LLC, Arizona
- Bette M.S. Inch (1st Term expires 2023),
Victim Services Consultant; Senior Victim Assistance Advisor (Ret.), Department of Defense (DoD) Sexual Assault Prevention & Response Office, Florida
- Tanya O. Jones (1st Term expires 2025),
Founder and CEO, Interactive Advocacy, North Carolina
- Rosie Martinez (2nd Term Ends 2024),
Victim Unit Director – Hidalgo County District Attorney’s Office, Texas
- Brenda J. Muhammad (1st Term expires 2022),
Executive Director, Atlanta Victim Assistance, Inc., Georgia
- Patricia A. Payne, (2nd Term expires 2023),
Executive Director of Northwest Victim Services (Ret.); Consultant for Non-Profit Organizations, Pennsylvania
- Elizabeth (Beth) Rossman, (2nd Term expires 2023),
Past Chairperson, Training Chair, Florida Crisis Response Team Inc., V.P. H&R Consulting, Florida
- Steve Twist (2nd Term expires 2025),
Founder, Arizona Voice for Crime Victims, Arizona
- Andy Yurick, J.D. (Immediate Past- President),
Law Offices of Andrew N. Yurick, New Jersey
Advisory Board Members
Our Advisory Board Members offer additional expertise to the Board of Directors.
- Paul Freeman, Chairman of Advisory Committee
- Rhonda S. Barner, Director (Ret.), Montgomery County Prosecutor’s Office Victim/Witness Division, FL
- Darlene Hutchinson Biehl, Former Director, Office for Victims of Crime, AL
- Shawn M. Cox, Victim Services Division, Maricopa County Victim Attorney’s Office
- Hon. Collene Thompson Campbell, CA
- Hon. Lois Haight, Judge of Superior Court, CA
- Michaelene O’Neill McCann, Attorney ADA and Chief Victim Witness Services (Ret.), Essex MA District Attorney’s Office, MA
- D. Michael Sheline, Assistant Section Chief, Chief-Crime Victims Section, Office of Ohio Attorney General, OH
- David R. Thomas, Program Manager II, International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), VA
- Brandon Wolf, Equality, Florida
In memory of and in Gratitude to NOVA Past President and Advisory Board Member, Joseph Myers, Executive Director of the National Indian Justice Center.
We stock a variety of NOVA merchandise in limited quantities. Our most popular resource is a series of publications related to victim advocacy and child victims.
The Benefits of NOVA Membership
When you join the National Organization for Victim Assistance, you become part of an inspiring community committed to advancing the field of victim services. You are connected to a leading professional network in education, training and development. Each membership is an investment in providing high-quality trauma-informed training, victim advocacy, crisis response, and enhanced services and policies for victims/survivors of crime and crisis. Your voice will play an active role in protecting the rights of victims everywhere. Together, we can advance the field of victim services, building a bright future for survivors. Become a member today!
Join our growing and diverse network of NOVA Members today! NOVA offers two membership plans – NOVA Basic Membership and NOVA Premier Membership – to give you more benefits and choices. Select the NOVA Membership Plan that’s right for you!
NOVA Basic Membership
Along with the tremendous satisfaction of investing in a network of incredible professionals around the world, NOVA Basic Membership offers the following benefits:
- Quarterly NOVA Member E-Newsletter, full of information about upcoming continuing education opportunities, current news and alerts to help you stay informed and up-to-date with the latest trainings and professional developments.
- Reduced registration fee for the NOVA Annual Conference
- Reduced training fees for NOVA’s Crisis Response and other training programs
- Voting privileges to elect members of our Board of Directors
Become a Basic NOVA Member by clicking HERE
If you do not wish to pay online please download the paper application HERE
NOVA Premier Membership
NOVA Premier Members enjoy all of the NOVA Basic Membership benefits PLUS full access to NOVA’s National Advocacy Leadership Center (NALC).
- Exclusive Entry into NOVA’s Premier Members-Only Website portal
- NALC’s Monthly and Quarterly CEU Trainings for Victim Advocates and Program Managers: Earn up to 24 CEU credits per year!
- NALC’s Career Center: Career guidance, job listings and other essential information for victim assistance professionals
- Build your professional brand with customized resume reviews with NOVA staff and subject matter experts.
- Networking Opportunities: Online networking, small events to industry-wide conferences. Grow your network with advocates who can help you reach your goals.
- Professional Updates: Best practices, upcoming trainings and calls to action
- Become a mentor and share your knowledge and experience in the field.
Become a Premier NOVA Member by clicking HERE.
Looking to upgrade from a Basic Membership to a Premier Membership? It’s quick, easy, and affordable to upgrade to a NOVA Premier Membership. To upgrade online, sign into your NOVA account by clicking the “My NOVA Account” button at the top right of the screen and log in to your account. The option to Upgrade appears on the lower right after signing in.
If you do not wish to pay online please download the paper application HERE
Annual membership dues are as follows:
- NOVA Basic Membership$55
- Senior/Student/U.S. Military/Volunteer Victim Advocate/ NVAA Alumni/CRT Alumni (20% Discount)$44
- NOVA Premier Membership$100
- Senior/Student/U.S. Military/Volunteer Victim Advocate/NVAA Alumni/CRT Alumni
- Life Membership$750
- Group Discounts (20% off 5 or more memberships from the same agency) Please email firstname.lastname@example.org
Please expand for submission details:
You can upgrade your membership to a NOVA Premier Membership and receive full access to NOVA’s NALC at any point this year.
It’s quick, easy, and affordable to upgrade to a NOVA Premier Membership. To upgrade online, you must have a NOVA online account (if you do not have one, registration is easy! Click on “My NOVA Account” on the top right of the page and follow the simple instructions to create an online account using your email address). Once logged in, you can upgrade your membership online. Alternatively, a membership upgrade form is available for download.
A life membership allows you to join an exclusive cadre of NOVA members who receive NOVA member benefits year after year at no additional charge.
We offer several discounted membership options:
Group membership – 5 or more individuals from the same agency
Senior membership – available to individuals 60+ years old
Student membership – available to current students at any educational level
Military membership – available to all active-duty, reservist, National Guard, and advocates employed by the DoD or DHS
Volunteer Victim Advocate – available to individuals volunteering their time as a victim advocate
NVAA Alum – Available to graduates of NOVA’s Victim Assistance Academy
No, NACP and D-SAACP are separate programs from the NOVA membership.
Agency memberships are limited to elected or appointed individuals. Please contact us for more information: 703-535-6682 or email@example.com.
We are pleased to offer a group discount for 5 or more staff from the same agency. Please contact us for more information: 703-535-6682 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
To purchase memberships for more than one person, you can either sign each person up online separately, or we would be happy to process a bulk payment if you contact our office at 703-535-6682 or email@example.com.
Thank you for your support! If you have any additional questions, please contact us at 703-535-6682 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
The America’s Best Charities Seal of Excellence is awarded to charitable organizations that meet the highest standards of public accountability, program effectiveness, and cost effectiveness. Applicant charities must provide evidence of their program activities and demonstrate the benefit of their services. They must submit for review their most recent IRS tax returns with all schedules. Charities with annual revenues above $250,000 must also submit audited financial statements produced by an independent certified public accountant, including an auditor’s opinion letter stating the charity meets the generally accepted accounting standards in the United States.